Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy is the assessment and treatment of physical, psychosocial and behavioral conditions using specific, purposeful activity to prevent disability and promote independent function in all aspects of daily life.

Occupational therapy is provided when there is a disruption in function in one or more of the following the areas:

  • Gross Motor Skills : movement of the large muscles in the arms, and legs. Abilities like rolling, crawling, walking, running, jumping, hopping, skipping etc

  • Fine Motor Skills : movement and dexterity of the small muscles in the hands and fingers. Abilities like in-hand manipulation, reaching, carrying, shifting small objects etc.

  • Cognitive Perceptual Skills : Abilities like attention, concentration, memory, comprehending information, thinking, reasoning, problem solving, understanding concept of shape, size and colors etc.

  • Sensory Integration : ability to take in, sort out, and respond to the input received from the world. Sensory processing abilities like vestibular, proprioceptive, tactile, visual, auditory, gustatory and olfactory skills.

  • Visual Motor Skills : a child's movement based on the perception of visual information. Abilities like copying.

  • Motor Planning Skills : ability to plan, implement, and sequence motor tasks.

  • Oral Motor Skills : movement of muscles in the mouth, lips, tongue, and jaw, including sucking, biting, chewing, blowing and licking.

  • Play skills : to develop age appropriate, purposeful play skills

  • Socio-emotional skills : ability to interact with peers and others.

  • Activities of daily living : Self-care skills like daily dressing, feeding, grooming and toilet tasks. Also environment manipulation like handling switches, door knobs, phones, TV remote etc.

Occupational therapists in schools collaborate with teachers, special educators, other school personnel, and parents to develop and implement individual or group programs, provide counseling, and support classroom activities.

Occupational therapists design and develop equipment or techniques for improving existing mode of functioning.

Occupational Therapists work with parents/care givers and others to assess if a child has difficulties with practical and social skills. Occupational Therapists assess the physical, psychological and a social function of the individual identifies areas of dysfunction and involves the individual in a structured programme of activity to overcome disability. Following assessment, the Occupational Therapist will design and implement programs with appropriate strategies in order to enable the child to maximize his/her potential.

Services provided:

  • Sensory Integration therapy : Children with Sensory Processing Disorders including Autism Spectrum Disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are treated through various activities that are believed to organize the sensory system by providing them a sensory-rich environment. The goal of occupational therapy is to foster appropriate responses to sensations in an active, meaningful and fun way so that the child is able to behave in a more functional manner.

  • ADL Training : In order to facilitate independence in carrying out day to day activities of daily needs for community living such as using toilet, bathing, dressing, eating etc., detailed assessment is done and long term training program designed and executed in specialized modulated environment with use of adaptive techniques and self-help devices, for each individual.

  • Developmental therapy : Child’s global development is assessed and identification of specific areas of deficit or strength is done. Specific activities are designed to suit the child’s needs using play as a means of promoting child’s deficient skills.

  • Behavior modification therapy : The goal is to identify child’s maladaptive behavior and reinforce desirable behaviors using positive or negative reinforcements. Behavior modification therapy is used in treatment of obsessive compulsive disorders, attention deficit/ hyperactive disorders, anxiety disorders, and other behavioral issues.

  • Group therapy/ Play therapy : Play acts as a natural medium of self expression for the child. Various group activities and play activities including arts & craft, outdoor and indoor play, dance and music are planned in group to increase social and emotional aspects of children

  • Hand Rehabilitation/ Splinting : Children having problems with fine and gross motor functions of the hand are provided the facility of hand exercising table, CPM and sensory training tools to achieve the objective of facilitating the use of disabled hand more freely and independently.

Splints are a great help in correcting the disfigurement of the limbs to keep it in best functional position and facilitate better postures. Self-help devices are designed as per the need of the patient and got manufactured locally to improve their daily living skills. Variety of universal splints like AFO, functional cock up etc. are kept in stock.